With its experience of more than three decades of energy management, Tunisia is one of the first countries in Africa and the Arab world to put in place a proactive policy in this area. The main landmarks that make up ANME’s history may be summarized as follows:

April 1985

Introduction of special legal provisions to encourage the research, production and marketing of renewable energies (Law 85-48 of 25 April 1985)

September 1985

Creation of l’Agence pour la Maîtrise de l’Énergie (AME) – the Energy Management Agency (Statutory law 85-8 of 14 September 1985 relating to energy saving).

Implementation of measures to encourage Energy Management (Statutory Law 85-8 of 14 September 1985 relating to energy saving)

January 1986

Publication of the decree supporting the organization of AME (Decree 86-96)

January 1987

Introduction of mandatory periodic energy audits (Decree 87-50)

Introduction of mandatory prior AME consultation for large energy consumption projects (Decree No. 87-51)

July 1990

Consolidation of AME’s powers (Law 90-62 of 24 July 1990 relating to energy management)

Creation of l’Observatoire National de l’Énergie – the National Energy Observatory (Law 90-62 of 24 July 1990 relating to energy management)

Consolidation of financial measures encouraging energy management (Law 90-62 of 24 July 1990 relating to energy management)

Introduction of tax and financial benefits for investments in the field of energy management (Law 90-62 of 24 July 1990 relating to energy management)

December 1991

Publication of the decree on the organization and functioning of the AME (Decree 91-1918)

December 1994

VAT exemption for products used in the manufacture of energy management equipment and the reduction to 10% of related customs duties (Law 94-127 of 26 December 1994, introducing the 1995 budget)

April 1995

Determining lists of raw materials, products and essential equipment in the fields of energy management and renewable energies (Decree 95-744)

December 1998

Change of name from Agence pour la Maîtrise de l’Énergie (AME) to Agence Nationale des Énergies Renouvelables – ANER – the National Renewable Energy Agency (Decree 98-2532)

ANER is placed under administrative supervision of the Ministry of the Environment (Decree 98-2532)

May 2000

ANER undergoes administrative and financial reorganization (Decree 2000-1124)

December 2002

Introduction of specific regulations for Combined Heat and Power (Cogeneration): the production and simultaneous use of electricity and heat from the same primary energy source and within the same installation (Decree 2002-3232)

March 2004

ANER is placed under the administrative supervision of the Ministry of Energy

August 2004

Change of name from Agence Nationale des Énergies Renouvelables (ANER) to the Agence Nationale pour la Maîtrise de l’Énergie (ANME) – the National Agency for Energy Conservation (Law 2004-72)

New energy management measures, including energy certification for household appliances, thermal regulations for buildings, engine diagnostics and urban travel plans (Law 2004-72)

The same legal text places energy management as a national priority in line with the new socio-economic deal and sustainable development (Law 2004-72)

September 2004

Publication of the legal text of the law relating to the certification of equipment, machinery and household appliances (Decree 2004-2145),

Introduction of obligations for high energy consuming establishments to be subject to mandatory periodic energy audits, as well as the methods available to achieve these.

August 2005

Creation of an energy management system (Law 2005-82).

Publication of the text setting the rates and amounts of benefits for energy conservation, as well as benefit conditions and procedures (Decree 2005-2234).

December 2005

Replacement of the energy management system by a Fonds National de Maîtrise de l’Énergie – National Energy Management Fund (Law 2005-106).

December 2007

Increase in resources of the National Energy Management Fund through the introduction of a tax on incandescent lamps (Law 2007-70).

February 2009

Revision of Law 2004-72 of 2 August 2004, on energy management with a view to encouraging the self- power generation from renewable sources (Law 2009-7).

Increase of investment grants awarded within the framework of the National Energy Management Fund (Decree 2009-362),

December 2013

Creation of the Fonds de Transition Énergétique (FTE) – the Energy Transition Fund to replace the National Energy Management Fund (FNME) with the aim of supporting the energy transition. The FTE, in addition to the investment grants for energy management awarded by FNME, is involved in the funding and underwriting of loans as well as participating in capital expenditure for projects (Law 2013- 54).

August 2014

Amendments to the articles relating to the creation of the Energy Transition Fund (Law 2014-54)

May 2015

Adoption of a law promoting the power generation from renewable sources (Law 2015-12)

August 2016

Promulgation of the decree setting the terms and conditions for operating projects generating and selling electricity from renewable energy sources (Decree 2016-1123)

July 2017

Official launch of the Fonds de Transition Énergétique (FTE) – the Energy Transition Fund (Decree 2017-983)

December 2018

Increase of FTE resources through taxes on energy products (Law 2018-56)

May 2019

Amendments to the law promoting the power generation from renewable sources and improving the investment climate (Law 2019-47)

February 2020

Adoption of a government decree setting the terms and conditions for running projects for the generation and sale of electricity from renewable energy (Decree 2020-105)

  • The housing stock has grown from about 2.9 million houses in 2009 to about 3.3 million in 2015, an increase of 80,000 houses per year. This park is expected to grow faster in the next years because of the various real estate projects planned over the medium term.
  • 30%
    The scarcity of national natural resources along with the increase of energy demand leads Tunisia to initiate an energy transition process focusing on the increase of the share of renewable energies in the production of electricity in order to reach 12% by 2020 and 30% by 2030, in comparison to the current 3%. Indeed, the objective is to reach a renewable electric power of 3815 MW by 2030.
  • 41%
    International negotiations on climate change resulted in a historic agreement in December 2015 in Paris called the "Paris Agreement"
  • 30%
    Penetration rate of renewable energies in electricity production in 2030