In contrast to other activities in the service sector, geographical location and the corresponding socio-economic structures have a strong impact on transport. The effectiveness of the transport system is crucial to the development of the channels of production and distribution as well as to people’s lifestyle. Transport is a commercial activity that has an impact on the organization of the economy and of society as well as on other industrial and service activities. Without transport, companies can neither be supplied nor distribute their products; nor can employees get to their workplace. In a sense, therefore transport constitutes an activity prior to other economic and social activities.
The Tunisian transport system is made up of five sub-sectors, namely:
Transport is the sector with the largest overall energy consumption in Tunisia. In total, transport uses 36% of the country’s total energy consumption; of this 36%, road transport is responsible for 90%. Furthermore, transport is responsible for more than 55% of the country’s total use of petroleum products. On the other hand, the sector also has significant potential for energy savings, which could reach 25% by 2030.
There are three ways of improving transport energy performance…
- System efficiency: organizing the road network and socio-economic activities, in order to reduce the need to travel and consequently reduce fossil fuel consumption.
- Trip efficiency: encouraging the use of more energy efficient modes of travel, such as public transport, walking and cycling.
- Vehicle efficiency: optimizing vehicle efficiency through the use of appropriate technologies and fuels, so that less energy is consumed per kilometre.
The leading initiatives in this area are the transport companies’ energy audits, the promotion of efficient driving styles, and the use of engine diagnostic stations.
ANME is also exploring broad-based initiatives, founded on the use of new information and communication technologies, including real-time vehicle tracking systems and refuelling management solutions.
In line with global automotive market trends, ANME has begun discussions on the development of support for electric vehicles in Tunisia.
ANME encourages local organizations in large urban areas to draw up Urban Travel Plans in order to optimize travel efficiency.
La consommation finale d’énergie du secteur Transport a atteint 2560 ktep. Le transport est le premier consommateur d’énergie finale avec environ 36%, devant l’industrie avec 30%, le résidentiel et tertiaire avec 27% et l’agriculture avec 7 %