In Tunisia, energy control is seen as a strategic component of the economic and social development, ensuring the security of supply, preserving the country's economic interests and protecting the environment. The creation of the National Energy Control Fund (FNME) in 2005 is seen as an important achievement and as a sustainable financing tool for energy management, supported by the setting up of targeted financing mechanisms. Since its creation in 2005, the cumulated resources of the FNME have reached 242 MTD. The funds are coming from the taxes on first registrations of motor vehicles, the taxes on air-conditioning units and the taxation on incandescent lamps. The FNME has also benefited from a grant from the European Commission of t 24 MTD under the Energy Environment Program (EEP). Despite the efforts to control energy and the important achievements of the FNME, Tunisia's energy situation remains subject to several constraints, namely: - A growing energy deficit that rose from 0.5 Mtoe in 2010 to 3.7 Mtoe in 2014. - Energy has become a significant burden on the state budget: energy subsidies accounted for more than 10% of the state budget in 2014. Aware of this situation, the National Agency for Energy Conservation launched, in 2012, a study for the restructuration of the National Fund for Energy Management. This study highlighted the limits of this fund which does not allow to accompany relevantly the energy transition undertaken by Tunisia, to meet the challenges related to energy independence and economic competitiveness.